The 1984 Jeep Cherokee (XJ) is often credited as the first SUV in the modern understanding of the term.[71] The use of unibody construction was unique at the time for a four-wheel drive, and reduced the weight of the Cherokee. It also appealed to urban families due to having a more compact size (compared to the full-size Wagoneer) as well as a plush interior resembling a station wagon.[71] As the Cherokee became a major sales success, the term "sport utility vehicle" began to be used in the national press for the first time.[71] "The advent and immediate success of AMC/Jeep's compact four-door Cherokee turned the truck industry upside down."[72]
Drivetrain aside, it’s still a Porsche. It looks like a Porsche and, importantly, it handles like one. It accelerates like one, too, thanks in part to the instant torque provided by the electric motor. When we drove it in Germany, we were impressed with the quality of the materials in the cabin. The biggest downside to the E-Hybrid is that the aforementioned battery pack eats up about three cubic feet of trunk space, reducing capacity to 14.3 cubes with four adults on board.
The lithium-ion battery has attracted attention due to its potential for use in hybrid electric vehicles. Hitachi is a leader in its development. In addition to its smaller size and lighter weight, lithium-ion batteries deliver performance that helps to protect the environment with features such as improved charge efficiency without memory effect. The lithium-ion batteries are appealing because they have the highest energy density of any rechargeable batteries and can produce a voltage more than three times that of nickel–metal hydride battery cell while simultaneously storing large quantities of electricity as well. The batteries also produce higher output (boosting vehicle power), higher efficiency (avoiding wasteful use of electricity), and provides excellent durability, compared with the life of the battery being roughly equivalent to the life of the vehicle. Additionally, use of lithium-ion batteries reduces the overall weight of the vehicle and also achieves improved fuel economy of 30% better than petro-powered vehicles with a consequent reduction in CO2 emissions helping to prevent global warming. [75] 

Automakers spend around $US8 million in marketing Hybrid vehicles each year. With combined effort from many car companies, the Hybrid industry has sold millions of Hybrids.[citation needed] Hybrid car companies like Toyota, Honda, Ford and BMW have pulled together to create a movement of Hybrid vehicle sales pushed by Washington lobbyist to lower the worlds emissions and become less reliant on our petroleum consumption.[citation needed] In 2005, sales went beyond 200,000 Hybrids, but in retrospect that only reduced the global use for gasoline consumption by 200,000 gallons per day — a tiny fraction of the 360 million gallons used per day.[citation needed] According to Bradley Berman author of Driving Change—One Hybrid at a time, "Cold economics shows that in real dollars, except for a brief spike in the 1970s, gas prices have remained remarkably steady and cheap. Fuel continues to represent a small part of the overall cost of owning and operating a personal vehicle".[87] Other marketing tactics include greenwashing which is the "unjustified appropriation of environmental virtue."[88] Temma Ehrenfeld explained in an article by Newsweek. Hybrids may be more efficient than many other gasoline motors as far as gasoline consumption is concerned but as far as being green and good for the environment is completely inaccurate. Hybrid car companies have a long time to go if they expect to really go green. According to Harvard business professor Theodore Levitt states "managing products" and "meeting customers' needs", "you must adapt to consumer expectations and anticipation of future desires."[89] This means people buy what they want, if they want a fuel efficient car they buy a Hybrid without thinking about the actual efficiency of the product. This "Green Myopia" as Ottman calls it, fails because marketers focus on the greenness of the product and not on the actual effectiveness. Researchers and analysts say people are drawn to the new technology, as well as the convenience of fewer fill ups. Secondly, people find it rewarding to own the better, newer, flashier, and so called greener car. In the beginning of the Hybrid movement car companies reached out to the young people, by using top celebrities, astronauts, and popular TV shows to market Hybrids. This made the new technology of Hybrids a status to obtain for many people and a must to be cool or even the practical choice for the time. With the many benefits and status of owning a Hybrid it is easy to think it's the right thing to do, but in fact may not be as green as it appears.[citation needed]
SUVs can be broadly characterized into three different categories - sedan based SUVs or Crossover SUVs, mid-size SUVs and truck based SUVs. Your choice would largely depend on the number of passengers or cargo you are transporting, as well as your use. Some might want an SUV for urban driving while others might need it for towing their boat or trailer. A small 2013 SUV will carry 5 passengers; a mid-sized SUV will carry 7 passengers while a truck based SUV can carry up to 9 passengers comfortably. You should consider for smaller SUVs the Nissan Juke SUV and Mazda CX-9 SUV Crossover SUV. For mid-sized, the Kia Sorrento SUV is a fantastic start whilst with large SUVs, you can't really look past the Chevrolet Suburban Three QTR-Ton SUV or Lincoln Navigator. For towing purposes, we recommend you look at the Toyota Sequoia SUV and Ford Expedition SUV.
The Pacifica Hybrid does all the things customers demand of a minivan — it carries eight passengers, offers creative interior storage options, bundles front and rear rider entertainment, and rides smoothly. Beyond these check boxes, the Chrysler van uses its plug-in hybrid powertrain to deliver 33 miles of all-electric range and 500-plus total miles of gas-electric range. Furthermore, the Pacifica doesn’t bore you to death with its exterior styling, power, or handling.
While its price tag may seem high at first glance, when you break down all the features, it’s one heck of a deal. Let’s not forget the federal tax credit of $7,500 and any applicable state credits that pull the sticker price down. We wouldn’t just pick the Pacifica Hybrid over any other minivan; we’d seriously consider it over some of the better midsize SUVs.
Unlike its predecessor, the Prime runs entirely on electricity in charge-depleting mode (EV mode).[90] Toyota targeted the fuel economy in hybrid mode to be equal or better than regular fourth generation Prius liftback. The Prius Prime has an EPA-rated combined fuel economy in hybrid mode of 54 mpg‑US (4.4 L/100 km; 65 mpg‑imp), 55 mpg‑US (4.3 L/100 km; 66 mpg‑imp) in city driving, and 53 mpg‑US (4.4 L/100 km; 64 mpg‑imp) in highway. Only the Prius Eco has a higher EPA-rated fuel economy rating in hybrid mode.[89] The 2017 model year Prime has a different exterior design than the fourth generation Prius. The interior design is also different.[87] The Prime has a four-seat cabin layout, as Toyota decided to improve the car's efficiency to achieve its design goals.[88]
The NHW11 Prius became more powerful partly to satisfy the higher speeds and longer distances that Americans drive.[35] Air conditioning and electric power steering were standard equipment.[36] While the larger Prius could seat five, its battery pack restricted cargo space. The Prius was offered in US in three trim packages: Standard, Base and Touring. The US EPA (CARB) classified the car with an air pollution score of 3 out of 10 as an Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV).[37] Prius owners were eligible for up to a US$2,000 federal tax deduction from their gross income.[34] Toyota executives stated that with the Prius NHW10 model, the company had been losing money on each Prius sold, and with the NHW11 it was now breaking even.[34]
In the 1990s, a team of engineers working at EPA’s National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory succeeded in developing a revolutionary type of petro-hydraulic hybrid powertrain that would propel a typical American sedan car. The test car achieved over 80 mpg on combined EPA city/highway driving cycles. Acceleration was 0-60 mph in 8 seconds, using a 1.9 liter diesel engine. No lightweight materials were used. The EPA estimated that produced in high volumes the hydraulic components would add only $700 to the base cost of the vehicle.[21]
Research is underway in large corporations and small companies. Focus has now switched to smaller vehicles. The system components were expensive which precluded installation in smaller trucks and cars. A drawback was that the power driving motors were not efficient enough at part load. A British company (Artemis Intelligent Power) made a breakthrough introducing an electronically controlled hydraulic motor/pump, the Digital Displacement® motor/pump. The pump is highly efficient at all speed ranges and loads, giving feasibility to small applications of petro-hydraulic hybrids.[42] The company converted a BMW car as a test bed to prove viability. The BMW 530i, gave double the mpg in city driving compared to the standard car. This test was using the standard 3,000 cc engine, with a smaller engine the figures would have been more impressive. The design of petro-hydraulic hybrids using well sized accumulators allows downsizing an engine to average power usage, not peak power usage. Peak power is provided by the energy stored in the accumulator. A smaller more efficient constant speed engine reduces weight and liberates space for a larger accumulator.[43]
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The Pacifica Hybrid does all the things customers demand of a minivan — it carries eight passengers, offers creative interior storage options, bundles front and rear rider entertainment, and rides smoothly. Beyond these check boxes, the Chrysler van uses its plug-in hybrid powertrain to deliver 33 miles of all-electric range and 500-plus total miles of gas-electric range. Furthermore, the Pacifica doesn’t bore you to death with its exterior styling, power, or handling.
*** EV Mode range at top highway speed of 135km/hr is only available for a very limited distance (significantly lower than the EV commuting range of 40km) and is dependent upon many factors, including charging practice, driving style, driving speed, road/traffic conditions, outside temperature, air conditioning control levels, payload/cargo weight, proper tire pressure, vehicle maintenance and battery age.
^ Millikin, Mike (20 May 2016). "Worldwide sales of Toyota hybrids surpass 9 million units; Prius family accounts for 63%". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2016. The Prius family accounts for 63% of Toyota's total global cumulative hybrid car sales: 5.691 million units, consisting of Prius liftback: 3.733 million; Aqua, Prius c: 1.249 million; Prius a, Prius v, Prius +: 0.634 million; Prius PHV: 75,000.
[MUSIC PLAYING] ELANA SCHERR: This is the 2019 Nissan Rogue. It has newly added driver safety aides, a comfortable ride, and plenty of room for cargo and people. But is that enough for the Rogue to compete with more recently redesigned small SUVs? Let's find out. If you like these videos, subscribe to our channel. And make sure you visit Edmunds for all your car shopping needs. The initial door open on the Nissan Rogue is sort of a surprise, like a happy surprise. And it does look really nice, especially in these upper trims, where you can get different color leatherette, and shiny piano black. There is a lot of hard plastic still in this car. I guess I would call it semi hard plastic. It actually feels better than it looks, except on the steering wheel. This is just a really weird decision that the Nissan designers made. There's a heated steering wheel, which seems super luxurious. I would have given that up to just have a nicer material on the steering wheel. I just don't want to touch it. It's like I want to drive it like this. But the rest of the materials feel pretty good. The front seats are very firm, maybe even a little too firm for long term driving comfort. And the space in the front is a little bit cramped. Tall people don't have the most head room, maybe partially because of the sunroof. And the seats are narrow. Also, on the passenger side, the way that the dash comes in around the knee is difficult for taller passengers. The back seats, however, are really spacious. There's a great amount of room back there. And I would say it's actually more comfortable to ride in the back of the Rogue than it is to drive it. A lot of the safety stuff that people are starting to expect in these cars is standard on the Rogue. And it all works very well, which is good, because the car has a pretty big blind spot. There's also a lot of good infotainment controls. Apple and Android, which is something that some of the competitors do not offer. It's got a touch screen that's small, but works well, and is easy to see. But the controls for everything are just all over the place. It's almost like this is a car that was designed many years ago. (WHISPERING) It was. And they decided to add in all of the new technology, but they hadn't originally designed the car to have space for it. (WHISPERING) I think that's true. So there's this kind of strange Easter egg hunt that you get to do every time you want to control. Like hm, the heated steering wheel is over here. And also the sport and eco modes are over here. But the heated seats are down here. And the camera's over here. You have to remember where things are. I like it better when you kind of have the idea like, oh, all the climate stuff is here, and all of the safety control is here. There's room for small stuff in the console. Again, some strange decisions made about what and where. There is a cell phone pocket back here, the big cup holders. And there's sort of like a weird square spot up here that has a rubber no slip mat as if it's for holding a cell phone. But it would only work if you had a perfectly square cell phone. And there's a USB port and a 12 volt. I would say that that about covers it for the magic in the front seat of the Rogue. Let's take a look at the backseat. The backseat of the Rogue is, again, a mix of things that are thoughtful and things that could have used a little more thought. First, the good stuff. It's comfortable. It looks nice. There's a lot of leg room. It's adjustable, which is kind of nice for a second row. They aren't always. And the seat belts tuck away. So if you're sliding across to the middle, you don't hit your bum against them. But there are no USB ports. Could use a little more headroom. And the armrest is kind of a lot of work. In many ways the Rogue trails its competitors. It doesn't have the most horsepower and it doesn't get the best miles per gallon. But it shines in cargo space. It has the most. 39.3 with the seats up, and 70 with them down. That's kind of a lot for a little car. More than that, the storage is really clever. Nissan calls it Ride and Hide, Hide and Drive, Divide and Conquer, Divide and Hide. What it means is that what looks like the floor is actually covers that lift up so you can put valuable stuff here and no one will know that it's in the car. Here's the Divide and Hide in shelf mode. So you can see, you could put something underneath, and then still have stuff on top. Plus, one of the video guys just pointed out that you could use this as a workspace. You can get the Rogue in a variety of trim options. There is S, SV, and SL, as well as SV and SL Hybrid. We're in the top of the line SL all wheel drive. And it keeps making me laugh every time I see the badge on the back, because the SL and the all wheel drive are kind of right up against each other. And it looks like it says slawd. Like s'lord, it's hot in here. Anyhow, all bad southern accents aside, the engine options for everything except the hybrid are the same. It is a 2.5 liter four cylinder backed by a CVT style transmission. And I hate it. Sorry. It's just a really, really, really disappointing engine combination. It's 170 horsepower, which just isn't enough for a vehicle of this size. Even though some CVTs are starting to feel more like geared transmissions and not do that sad, drony vacuum cleaner thing, this one is not like that. It does do the sad, drony vacuum cleaner thing. In fact, the engine noise is really annoying. I've been trying to feel better about it by pretending it's cute, like a little baby lion roaring. Rawr. So I don't like that. I think the car is loud. It also has a bunch of wind noise. The responsiveness of the various inputs, meaning the steering and the throttle are acceptable, but not outstanding. Imagine it like this. You're at lunch with a friend, and that friend is either on their phone, or thinking about something else, and so they're sort of paying attention to you. Like they're making, mhm and yeah noises at all the right places in the conversation. But you don't really feel like you have their full attention and that they're really that responsive. And that is sort of how I feel about the steering in this car. It's turning the car, but sort of numb and disconnectedly. The Rogue does offer some of Nissan's highest tech driving assists, including warnings if you're going out of your lane, and adaptive cruise control, which works very well, and even a steering assist, which is like a semi self-driving. So it wants you to have your hands on the wheel and be paying attention, but it will make some steering corrections for you when you have that turned on, along with adaptive cruise control. They all go together. I tested all of that on the freeway in stop and go traffic. And I was impressed at the fact that it would work at very slow speeds, which not all adaptive cruise controls will let you put them on when it's less than 25 miles per hour. That's kind of when you want it the most. This works at very slow speeds. It was a nice break on my ankle when I was driving back from San Diego and three hours of stop and go traffic. So that does work. I don't love the self steering thing. I just am a control freak. I like steering. Steering's fun. Setting the adaptive cruise control and the steering is really easy, and it's very obvious when it's on. It's like a big, green banner kind of across the gauges, which is excellent. You're never wondering if you've accidentally turned it off or what. You know exactly what's happening. Some of the other controls, like if you want the alarm for a blind spot warning, or if you want it to beep when you're in or out of a lane, they're buried a little bit further in the menus in here, and it's not hard to find them if you're parked. But it's more than you would want to be staring at the screen while you're driving. So bear that in mind if you don't like the beeps. The Rogue's design hasn't changed a whole lot since, I think, 2014 when it first came out. And that's super noticeable in how thick this A pillar is and how bad the visibility is sort of for the blind spot and in the back. I feel like car designers are really working hard right now to make those things better. And this pillar, for me, is really difficult to see, especially on curvy roads. I mean, it is right where I want to be. You kind of end up doing what I call the curious owl, which is like when you're going around corners, trying to see around the pillar. It's like a dance. The S models of the Rogue start at around $25,000. And this one, with all the bells and whistles, is $36,000. I'm just going to say it. I wouldn't want to pay $36,000 for this car. I just don't feel like it's $36,000 worth of driving enjoyment. There are other cars you can buy for $36,000 that are better, just like across the board better. But I was talking to the gang back at the office, especially the folks who help with the buyer's guides and stuff on the Edmunds website. And they were pointing out that Nissan offers amazing rebates. And so I looked it up on my own computer, and immediately was sent an offer for a car with like $9,000 off. So assuming that you could get a car like this for like $28,000, well, now, that's a really good deal. It gets to a point where nobody else would offer this much for that amount of money. So where does the Rogue end up? Well, for the same amount of money, you could get the more attractive and way more fun to drive Mazda CX5, the better equipped, and our most highly rated in the segment, Honda CRV. Or just to throw you a curve ball, the Jeep Wrangler. It's not that the Rogue is awful. It's just that the competition is stellar. Hey, give us a follow on Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook.

In the UK, the Advertising Standards Authority, an independent body charged with policing the rules of the advertising industry, ruled that a television advert for the Toyota Prius should not be broadcast again in the same form, having breached rules concerning misleading advertising. The advertisement stated that the Prius "emits up to one tonne less CO
Toyota unveiled the Prius c concept at the January 2011 North American International Auto Show. The Prius c has a lower list price and is smaller than the previous Prius hatchback. The production version was unveiled at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show as the Toyota Aqua, and was launched in Japan in December 2011.[94] The Prius c was released in the US and Canada in March 2012,[95][96] and in April 2012 in Australia and New Zealand.[97][98] The Prius c is not available in Europe, where instead, Toyota is selling the Toyota Yaris Hybrid since June 2012.[99] The Prius c and the Yaris Hybrid share the same powertrain.[100] The Aqua ranked as the second best selling car in Japan in 2012 after the Prius brand, as Toyota reports together sales of the conventional Prius and the Prius α.[101][102] When sales of these two Prius models are broken down, the Toyota Aqua ranked as the top selling model in Japan, including kei cars, with the Aqua leading monthly sales since February through December 2012.[103][104] Thereafter, the Aqua has been the top selling new car in Japan for three years running, from 2013 to 2015,[105][106][107] and it is considered the most successful nameplate launch in Japan in the last 20 years.[108]
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